Difference between revisions of "Debian"

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(Installing to a running system)
(Lightweight systems CD)
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==Installing to a running system==
+
== Installing to a running system ==
LXDE require Debian Lenny or Debian unstable (Sid) to satisfy dependencies to libc6.
+
LXDE requires Debian Lenny or later editions to satisfy dependencies to libc6.
 
  aptitude update
 
  aptitude update
 
  aptitude install lxde
 
  aptitude install lxde
  
alternative if you want a minimal lxde without its recommended apps:
+
Alternatively, if you want a minimal lxde without its recommended applications:
  aptitude install --without-recommends lxde
+
  aptitude install --without-recommends lxde-core
  
===Configuration for Reboot, Shutdown, and Suspend===
+
=== Configuration for Reboot, Shutdown, and Suspend ===
 
On Debian, normal users by default do not have access to HAL power management. So, '''you need to add yourself to the group "powerdev"'''. Otherwise, "shutdown", "suspend", "hibernate", and "reboot" won't be available when you log out LXDE.
 
On Debian, normal users by default do not have access to HAL power management. So, '''you need to add yourself to the group "powerdev"'''. Otherwise, "shutdown", "suspend", "hibernate", and "reboot" won't be available when you log out LXDE.
  
Line 14: Line 14:
 
  gpasswd -a user powerdev
 
  gpasswd -a user powerdev
  
===Configuring Login Managers===
+
=== Configuring Login Managers ===
====GDM or KDM====
+
==== GDM or KDM ====
No manual configuration is needed. Just select LXDE from the available sessions listed by the display manager. If you don't see LXDE, restart your gdm or kdm, or reboot.
+
For GDM and KDM no manual configuration is needed. Just select LXDE from the available sessions listed by the display manager. If you don't see LXDE, restart your gdm or kdm, or reboot.
  
====SLIM====
+
==== SLIM ====
 
With this display manager, some manual configuration is needed. Please refer to their [http://slim.berlios.de/manual.php official document] and write your /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc. The command you should put in your ~/.xinitrc to start LXDE is:
 
With this display manager, some manual configuration is needed. Please refer to their [http://slim.berlios.de/manual.php official document] and write your /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc. The command you should put in your ~/.xinitrc to start LXDE is:
 
  exec startlxde
 
  exec startlxde
  
====WDM====
+
==== WDM ====
Anyone know how to use it please edit this.
+
WDM works the same as GDM or KDM: just select it from the menu.
  
====XDM====
+
==== XDM ====
 
XDM reads a file called .xsession in the user's home directory to determine which window manager (resp. desktop environment) to start. As it is usually not present on a fresh Debian installation, we have to create it and put LXDE's startup command there. As an example, this is a minimal working .xsession:
 
XDM reads a file called .xsession in the user's home directory to determine which window manager (resp. desktop environment) to start. As it is usually not present on a fresh Debian installation, we have to create it and put LXDE's startup command there. As an example, this is a minimal working .xsession:
  
Line 31: Line 31:
 
  exec startlxde
 
  exec startlxde
  
====No display manager, use startx====
+
==== No display manager, use startx ====
 
Run the following command with root access:
 
Run the following command with root access:
 
  update-alternatives --config x-session-manager
 
  update-alternatives --config x-session-manager
Then choose startlxde. The next time you run startx, LXDE will be started.
+
Then choose startlxde. (For the option to show-up, you may have to reboot your system first.) The next time you run startx, LXDE will be started.
  
===Configuration for locales and input method===
+
=== Configuration for locales and input method ===
*GDM or KDM: Setting locale is not needed. Input method can be specified by im-switch.
+
* GDM or KDM: Setting locale is not needed. Input method can be specified by im-switch.
*SLIM: put this in your ~/.xinitrc before "exec startlxde" to set locales.
+
* SLIM: put this in your ~/.xinitrc before "exec startlxde" to set locales.
 
zh_TW.UTF-8 (traditional Chinese, Taiwan) is my locale, please replace it with yours.
 
zh_TW.UTF-8 (traditional Chinese, Taiwan) is my locale, please replace it with yours.
 
  export LC_ALL=zh_TW.UTF-8
 
  export LC_ALL=zh_TW.UTF-8
Line 50: Line 50:
 
  scim -d
 
  scim -d
  
==Install to a new system==
+
== Install to a new system ==
===i386 or amd64===
+
=== i386 or amd64 ===
 
Debian uses codes for system architectures, at the official install images noted as amd64 and i386 the user can select LXDE in the menu marked "Advanced options".
 
Debian uses codes for system architectures, at the official install images noted as amd64 and i386 the user can select LXDE in the menu marked "Advanced options".
Use the following [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/index.en.html install images] (NOTE! only the weekly and daily updated images can be used as this, the image marked RC1 does not include LXDE)
+
Use the following [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/index.en.html install images].
 
* [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ Minimal networkinstall cd] (netinst) Recommended!
 
* [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ Minimal networkinstall cd] (netinst) Recommended!
 
** [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/daily-builds/daily/arch-latest/amd64/iso-cd/ amd64] [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/daily-builds/daily/arch-latest/i386/iso-cd/ i386]
 
** [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/daily-builds/daily/arch-latest/amd64/iso-cd/ amd64] [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/daily-builds/daily/arch-latest/i386/iso-cd/ i386]
Line 64: Line 64:
 
Read more in the [http://d-i.alioth.debian.org/manual/en.i386/apa.html install notes] (this is for i386).
 
Read more in the [http://d-i.alioth.debian.org/manual/en.i386/apa.html install notes] (this is for i386).
  
===Other systems===
+
=== Other systems ===
 
For other architectures you have to issue a boot parameter to install LXDE as your desktop environment.  
 
For other architectures you have to issue a boot parameter to install LXDE as your desktop environment.  
  
 
# Download a install image (the netinst is recomended)
 
# Download a install image (the netinst is recomended)
# Issue the boot parameter''desktop=lxde''
+
# Issue the boot parameter ''desktop=lxde''
 
# Continue the install process as usual.
 
# Continue the install process as usual.
  
 
Read more in the [http://d-i.alioth.debian.org/manual/en.i386/apa.html install notes] (this is for i386).
 
Read more in the [http://d-i.alioth.debian.org/manual/en.i386/apa.html install notes] (this is for i386).
  
===Lightweight systems CD===
+
=== Lightweight systems CD ===
For simpler systems there is a special CD with XFCE (default) and LXDE as desktop environments, download the one for your system architecture
+
For simpler systems there is a special CD with XFCE (default) and LXDE as desktop environments, download the one for your system architecture.
* [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-builds/amd64/iso-cd/debian-testing-amd64-xfce+lxde-CD-1.iso amd64]
+
* [http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/6.0.3/amd64/iso-cd/debian-6.0.3-amd64-xfce+lxde-CD-1.iso amd64]
* [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-builds/i386/iso-cd/debian-testing-i386-xfce+lxde-CD-1.iso i386]
+
* [http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/6.0.3/i386/iso-cd/debian-6.0.3-i386-xfce+lxde-CD-1.iso i386]
Before the installation starts put ''desktop=lxde'' as boot parameter to install lxde instead of xfce.
+
* [http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/6.0.3/ia64/iso-cd/debian-6.0.3-ia64-xfce+lxde-CD-1.iso ia64]
 +
Choose from installation menu Lxde to install lxde instead of xfce.
  
===eee PC===
+
=== eee PC ===
 
* [http://people.linux.org.tw/~andrew/debian/debian-eeepc-wpa-beta2+lxde.img CD image to install Debian with LXDE on to a eee PC]
 
* [http://people.linux.org.tw/~andrew/debian/debian-eeepc-wpa-beta2+lxde.img CD image to install Debian with LXDE on to a eee PC]
 
** Copy the CD-image on to a USB drive with ''dd''
 
** Copy the CD-image on to a USB drive with ''dd''
 
  dd if=debian-eeepc.img of=/dev/<USB-DEVICE>
 
  dd if=debian-eeepc.img of=/dev/<USB-DEVICE>
Note: <USB-DEVICE> = the device, not a partition. (/dev/sdX '''NOT''' /dev/sdX1)
+
Note: <USB-DEVICE> = the device, not a partition. ( for example: /dev/sdX but '''NOT''' /dev/sdX1)
  
==See also==
+
== An easy way: Start with CrunchBang ==
 +
 
 +
[[CrunchBang]] 10 "Statler" is based on Debian Testing with Openbox, with easy setup scripts. Setting up LXDE should usually be straightforward - see the [[CrunchBang]] article for details.
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
 
* At [http://www.debian.org/CD/index.en.html debian.org] more information about the various disc images can be found.
 
* At [http://www.debian.org/CD/index.en.html debian.org] more information about the various disc images can be found.
 
* Changes to the CD/DVD/Blue ray-images of Debian as of 7th of January 2009 is documented in the [http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2009/01/msg00002.html Debian mailing list archive]
 
* Changes to the CD/DVD/Blue ray-images of Debian as of 7th of January 2009 is documented in the [http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2009/01/msg00002.html Debian mailing list archive]
* [[Sidux]] - a Debian Unstable based distribution with LXDE.
+
* [http://aptosid.com Aptosid] - a Debian Unstable based distribution with LXDE.
  
  
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[[Category:Linux Distributions]]
 
[[Category:Linux Distributions]]
  
 +
[[es:Debian]]
 +
[[fa:دبیان]]
 +
[[fr:Debian]]
 
[[sv:Debian]]
 
[[sv:Debian]]
 +
[[tr:Debian]]
 +
[[zh:Debian]]

Revision as of 12:14, 24 November 2011

Installing to a running system

LXDE requires Debian Lenny or later editions to satisfy dependencies to libc6.

aptitude update
aptitude install lxde

Alternatively, if you want a minimal lxde without its recommended applications:

aptitude install --without-recommends lxde-core

Configuration for Reboot, Shutdown, and Suspend

On Debian, normal users by default do not have access to HAL power management. So, you need to add yourself to the group "powerdev". Otherwise, "shutdown", "suspend", "hibernate", and "reboot" won't be available when you log out LXDE.

You can do that by using the following command as root:

gpasswd -a user powerdev

Configuring Login Managers

GDM or KDM

For GDM and KDM no manual configuration is needed. Just select LXDE from the available sessions listed by the display manager. If you don't see LXDE, restart your gdm or kdm, or reboot.

SLIM

With this display manager, some manual configuration is needed. Please refer to their official document and write your /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc. The command you should put in your ~/.xinitrc to start LXDE is:

exec startlxde

WDM

WDM works the same as GDM or KDM: just select it from the menu.

XDM

XDM reads a file called .xsession in the user's home directory to determine which window manager (resp. desktop environment) to start. As it is usually not present on a fresh Debian installation, we have to create it and put LXDE's startup command there. As an example, this is a minimal working .xsession:

#!/bin/sh
exec startlxde

No display manager, use startx

Run the following command with root access:

update-alternatives --config x-session-manager

Then choose startlxde. (For the option to show-up, you may have to reboot your system first.) The next time you run startx, LXDE will be started.

Configuration for locales and input method

  • GDM or KDM: Setting locale is not needed. Input method can be specified by im-switch.
  • SLIM: put this in your ~/.xinitrc before "exec startlxde" to set locales.

zh_TW.UTF-8 (traditional Chinese, Taiwan) is my locale, please replace it with yours.

export LC_ALL=zh_TW.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_TW.UTF-8
export LANG=zh_TW.UTF-8

If you need to use input method, add those lines, too. Please refer to the document of your input method. Here I use scim for example. (FIXME: Maybe we can use some im-switch compatible way here. Anyone know how to do it please fix this)

export GTK_IM_MODULE=scim
export QT_IM_MODULE=xim
scim -d

Install to a new system

i386 or amd64

Debian uses codes for system architectures, at the official install images noted as amd64 and i386 the user can select LXDE in the menu marked "Advanced options". Use the following install images.

Read more in the install notes (this is for i386).

Other systems

For other architectures you have to issue a boot parameter to install LXDE as your desktop environment.

  1. Download a install image (the netinst is recomended)
  2. Issue the boot parameter desktop=lxde
  3. Continue the install process as usual.

Read more in the install notes (this is for i386).

Lightweight systems CD

For simpler systems there is a special CD with XFCE (default) and LXDE as desktop environments, download the one for your system architecture.

Choose from installation menu Lxde to install lxde instead of xfce.

eee PC

dd if=debian-eeepc.img of=/dev/<USB-DEVICE>

Note: <USB-DEVICE> = the device, not a partition. ( for example: /dev/sdX but NOT /dev/sdX1)

An easy way: Start with CrunchBang

CrunchBang 10 "Statler" is based on Debian Testing with Openbox, with easy setup scripts. Setting up LXDE should usually be straightforward - see the CrunchBang article for details.

See also

  • At debian.org more information about the various disc images can be found.
  • Changes to the CD/DVD/Blue ray-images of Debian as of 7th of January 2009 is documented in the Debian mailing list archive
  • Aptosid - a Debian Unstable based distribution with LXDE.