Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu"

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==Ubuntu variants with LXDE pre-installed==
+
== Ubuntu variants with LXDE pre-installed ==
 
If you are installing Ubuntu + LXDE on a new machine, there are some existing Ubuntu-based distros using LXDE. Maybe you can try them first.
 
If you are installing Ubuntu + LXDE on a new machine, there are some existing Ubuntu-based distros using LXDE. Maybe you can try them first.
*[http://www.planetwatt.com/ WattOS] - Designed for older and low power computers (we make new ones screaming fast also :) ).
+
* [http://www.planetwatt.com/ WattOS] - Designed for older and low power computers (we make new ones screaming fast also :) ).
*[http://www.moonos.org MoonOS] - an operating system featuring art.
+
* [http://www.moonos.org MoonOS] - an operating system featuring art.
*[http://distrowatch.com/?newsid=04826 PUD GNU/Linux LXDE version] - Lightweight and small Ubuntu-based installable live CD featuring LXDE.
+
* [http://distrowatch.com/?newsid=04826 PUD GNU/Linux LXDE version] - Lightweight and small Ubuntu-based installable live CD featuring LXDE.
*[http://u-lite.org/?q=node/2 U-lite] - A member of [https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DerivativeTeam/Derivatives Ubuntu Derivative Team] featuring LXDE.
+
* [http://u-lite.org/?q=node/2 U-lite] - A member of [https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DerivativeTeam/Derivatives Ubuntu Derivative Team] featuring LXDE.
 
* [[Masonux]][http://sites.google.com/site/masonux/home] - Ubuntu remix featuring LXDE that includes Firefox, Pidgin, Ubuntu's normal networking applet, and Synaptic package manager preinstalled.
 
* [[Masonux]][http://sites.google.com/site/masonux/home] - Ubuntu remix featuring LXDE that includes Firefox, Pidgin, Ubuntu's normal networking applet, and Synaptic package manager preinstalled.
*[http://www.twitter.com/elementallinux Elemental Linux] - Being Simple... Being Linux... Being Elemental!
+
* [http://www.twitter.com/elementallinux Elemental Linux] - Being Simple... Being Linux... Being Elemental!
*[http://lubuntu.net Lubuntu] - Ubuntu with LXDE.
+
* [http://lubuntu.net Lubuntu] - Ubuntu with LXDE.
  
==Install from APT repository==
+
== Install from APT repository ==
 
=== Intrepid Ibex and future releases ===
 
=== Intrepid Ibex and future releases ===
 
LXDE desktop has been added to Ubuntu stable repositories. No editing of sources are needed.
 
LXDE desktop has been added to Ubuntu stable repositories. No editing of sources are needed.
Line 41: Line 41:
 
   sudo aptitude install lxde
 
   sudo aptitude install lxde
  
==Configuration for Login Managers==
+
== Configuration for Login Managers ==
===GDM or KDM===
+
=== GDM or KDM ===
 
No manual configuration is needed. Just select LXDE from the available sessions listed by the display manager. If you don't see LXDE, restart your gdm or kdm, or reboot.
 
No manual configuration is needed. Just select LXDE from the available sessions listed by the display manager. If you don't see LXDE, restart your gdm or kdm, or reboot.
  
===SLIM===
+
=== SLIM ===
 
With this display manager, some manual configuration is needed. Please refer to their [http://slim.berlios.de/manual.php official document] and write your /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc. The command you should put in your ~/.xinitrc to start LXDE is:
 
With this display manager, some manual configuration is needed. Please refer to their [http://slim.berlios.de/manual.php official document] and write your /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc. The command you should put in your ~/.xinitrc to start LXDE is:
 
  exec startlxde
 
  exec startlxde
  
===No display manager, use startx===
+
=== No display manager, use startx ===
 
Run following command:
 
Run following command:
 
  sudo update-alternatives --config x-session-manager
 
  sudo update-alternatives --config x-session-manager
 
Then choose startlxde. The next time you run startx, LXDE will be started.
 
Then choose startlxde. The next time you run startx, LXDE will be started.
  
==Configuration for locales and input method==
+
== Configuration for locales and input method ==
*GDM or KDM: Setting locale is not needed. Input method can be specified by im-switch.
+
* GDM or KDM: Setting locale is not needed. Input method can be specified by im-switch.
*SLIM: put this in your ~/.xinitrc before "exec startlxde" to set locales.
+
* SLIM: put this in your ~/.xinitrc before "exec startlxde" to set locales.
 
zh_TW.UTF-8 (traditional Chinese, Taiwan) is my locale, please replace it with yours.
 
zh_TW.UTF-8 (traditional Chinese, Taiwan) is my locale, please replace it with yours.
 
  export LC_ALL=zh_TW.UTF-8
 
  export LC_ALL=zh_TW.UTF-8
Line 68: Line 68:
 
  scim -d
 
  scim -d
  
==Minimal Ubuntu + LXDE Installation==
+
== Minimal Ubuntu + LXDE Installation ==
 
* Install Ubuntu base system with Ubuntu Alternate installer CD, and only install a command line-based system (Server without all the internet services). Some user suggested that you can install xubuntu and remove xfce after installing LXDE. However, install from base system is recommended. Ask on [http://ubuntuforums.org/ Ubuntuforums] if you got problems regarding to this. There are some related articles on the forum.
 
* Install Ubuntu base system with Ubuntu Alternate installer CD, and only install a command line-based system (Server without all the internet services). Some user suggested that you can install xubuntu and remove xfce after installing LXDE. However, install from base system is recommended. Ask on [http://ubuntuforums.org/ Ubuntuforums] if you got problems regarding to this. There are some related articles on the forum.
 
Only install the base system. Then, add our preceding repository, and do this:
 
Only install the base system. Then, add our preceding repository, and do this:
Line 75: Line 75:
 
  sudo mkdir /usr/share/backgrounds  
 
  sudo mkdir /usr/share/backgrounds  
 
  #The LXDE screen saver app requires that this directory exist or it returns annoying error messages.
 
  #The LXDE screen saver app requires that this directory exist or it returns annoying error messages.
* [http://www.ubuntugeek.com/lxde-lightweight-x11-desktop-environment-for-ubuntu.html LXDE installation in ubuntu ] Including screenshots
+
* [http://www.ubuntugeek.com/lxde-lightweight-x11-desktop-environment-for-ubuntu.html LXDE installation in ubuntu] Including screenshots
  
 
* [http://wiki.dennyhalim.com/ubuntu-minimal-desktop details minimal ubuntu desktop installation] with screenshot
 
* [http://wiki.dennyhalim.com/ubuntu-minimal-desktop details minimal ubuntu desktop installation] with screenshot
  
==Links==
+
== Links ==
 
* Check out Ubuntu channels to get into development and support the inclusion of LXDE here: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InternetRelayChat
 
* Check out Ubuntu channels to get into development and support the inclusion of LXDE here: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InternetRelayChat
 
* Ubuntu Developer Team on Launchpad https://launchpad.net/~lxde
 
* Ubuntu Developer Team on Launchpad https://launchpad.net/~lxde
* Distribution Lubuntu uses LXDE as Desktop http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lubuntu
+
* Distribution Lubuntu uses LXDE as Desktop (->[[wikipedia:Lubuntu|Wikipedia article]])
 +
 
  
 
[[Category:LXDE]]
 
[[Category:LXDE]]

Revision as of 12:46, 4 May 2010

Ubuntu variants with LXDE pre-installed

If you are installing Ubuntu + LXDE on a new machine, there are some existing Ubuntu-based distros using LXDE. Maybe you can try them first.

  • WattOS - Designed for older and low power computers (we make new ones screaming fast also :) ).
  • MoonOS - an operating system featuring art.
  • PUD GNU/Linux LXDE version - Lightweight and small Ubuntu-based installable live CD featuring LXDE.
  • U-lite - A member of Ubuntu Derivative Team featuring LXDE.
  • Masonux[1] - Ubuntu remix featuring LXDE that includes Firefox, Pidgin, Ubuntu's normal networking applet, and Synaptic package manager preinstalled.
  • Elemental Linux - Being Simple... Being Linux... Being Elemental!
  • Lubuntu - Ubuntu with LXDE.

Install from APT repository

Intrepid Ibex and future releases

LXDE desktop has been added to Ubuntu stable repositories. No editing of sources are needed.

 sudo aptitude install lxde

Hardy Heron and Gutsy Gibbon

We provide packages for LXDE in our own Launchpad PPA repository maintained by michael-r and paulliu. Please add those lines to your /etc/apt/sources.list, or using Synaptic, and add this repository.

For hardy

 deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/lxde/ubuntu hardy main
 deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/lxde/ubuntu hardy main  
 

For Gutsy

 deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/lxde/ubuntu gutsy main
 deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/lxde/ubuntu gutsy main  
 

After adding our repository, execute the following commands.

sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude install lxde

Done!

Karmic Ubuntu 9.10

This can't be simpler:

 sudo aptitude install lxde

Configuration for Login Managers

GDM or KDM

No manual configuration is needed. Just select LXDE from the available sessions listed by the display manager. If you don't see LXDE, restart your gdm or kdm, or reboot.

SLIM

With this display manager, some manual configuration is needed. Please refer to their official document and write your /etc/slim.conf and ~/.xinitrc. The command you should put in your ~/.xinitrc to start LXDE is:

exec startlxde

No display manager, use startx

Run following command:

sudo update-alternatives --config x-session-manager

Then choose startlxde. The next time you run startx, LXDE will be started.

Configuration for locales and input method

  • GDM or KDM: Setting locale is not needed. Input method can be specified by im-switch.
  • SLIM: put this in your ~/.xinitrc before "exec startlxde" to set locales.

zh_TW.UTF-8 (traditional Chinese, Taiwan) is my locale, please replace it with yours.

export LC_ALL=zh_TW.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_TW.UTF-8
export LANG=zh_TW.UTF-8

If you need to use input method, add those lines, too. Please refer to the document of your input method. Here I use scim for example. (FIXME: Maybe we can use some im-switch compatible way here. Anyone know how to do it please fix this)

export GTK_IM_MODULE=scim
export QT_IM_MODULE=xim
scim -d

Minimal Ubuntu + LXDE Installation

  • Install Ubuntu base system with Ubuntu Alternate installer CD, and only install a command line-based system (Server without all the internet services). Some user suggested that you can install xubuntu and remove xfce after installing LXDE. However, install from base system is recommended. Ask on Ubuntuforums if you got problems regarding to this. There are some related articles on the forum.

Only install the base system. Then, add our preceding repository, and do this:

sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude install xorg lxde
sudo mkdir /usr/share/backgrounds 
#The LXDE screen saver app requires that this directory exist or it returns annoying error messages.

Links